Monday, 28 January 2013

How the Nazis Escaped Justice

Coinciding with Holocaust Memorial Day and the 80th anniversary of the Nazi accession to power, Tony Paterson writes in the Independent, How the Nazis escaped justice based on the findings of a new book by German historian Daniel Stahl, Nazi Hunt: South America’s Dictatorships and the Avenging of Nazi Crimes.

Patterson writes, "As the world falls silent in memory of the Holocaust, a new book reveals how many of its architects were helped to live out their days in South America."

Of Stahl's book he writes,
It comes to the shameful conclusion that key officials on both continents, including the courts, police and governments, were reluctant to track down Nazi war criminals and even spent decades actively preventing their prosecution...

Official reluctance also prevented the arrest of one of the world’s worst Nazi war criminals, the infamous Nazi doctor Josef Mengele who carried out hundreds of brutal medical experiments on patients at Auschwitz concentration camp. Attempts were made to track Mengele down in 1960 following rumours that he was hiding in Brazil or Chile. Yet he was never found.

Stahl concludes in his book that Mengele was never caught because French police officers employed by Interpol refused to conduct searches for war criminals because they were implicated as Nazi collaborators.
Paterson concludes
Yet evidence revealing how a “coalition of the unwilling” prevented Hitler’s henchmen from facing justice continues to emerge. Just two years ago, leaked German intelligence files revealed that for a decade before he was caught, the West German government knew that Adolf Eichmann – the Nazi SS officer responsible for organising the Holocaust – was hiding in South America. Mossad eventually tracked down and kidnapped him in Argentina in 1960. He was flown to Israel where he was convicted of crimes against humanity and hanged in 1962.
Read more here

See also Felix Bohr War Crimes: How Nazis Escaped Justice in South America